Automobile brakes come in a variety of varieties, each with unique benefits and drawbacks. The most typical varieties include:
Disc brakes are the most prevalent form of brakes used in modern automobiles. To slow the wheel down, they use a rotor (the disc), which rotates with the wheel, and a calliper with brake pads that press on the rotor. Disc brakes are preferred over other types of brakes because of their powerful stopping ability and resistance to heat and wear.
- Drum brakes: These brakes slow the wheel down by pressing brake shoes against a drum that rotates along with the wheel.
- Regenerative brakes: This kind of brake system works by pressing brake pads to the wheel to capture the kinetic energy of a moving vehicle, transforming that into electric energy that can be utilised to power the vehicle .
- Ceramic brakes: The mixture used in these brake pads contains ceramic compounds, which are tougher and more heat-resistant than the materials used in conventional brakes.
- ABS (Anti-lock Braking System): This electronic device keeps the wheels from locking up when applying forceful braking. It enables the driver to keep steering control when braking, which can lessen the risk of skidding and increase the efficiency of the brakes.
Depending on the load and speed of the vehicle, such as when it is loaded or when a passenger is seated in the back seat, the electronic brakeforce distribution (EBD) system optimises the braking force applied to each wheel.
It’s crucial to remember that the type of brake system utilised in a car depends on the brand, model, and intended function of the vehicle (such as high-performance, off-road, etc.).
comparison of the different types of automotive brakes:
- High stopping power
- Less affected by heat and wear
- Most common type of brake found on modern cars
- Less effective than disc brakes
- More prone to wear and heat damage
- Less common on modern cars, but still found on some older vehicles and on the rear wheels of some cars.
- Capture the kinetic energy of the moving vehicle
- Convert kinetic energy into electricity
- Found in hybrid and electric vehicles
- Use ceramic compounds in the mixture
- More expensive than traditional brake pads
- Last longer and produce less dust.
ABS (Anti-lock Braking System):
- Computerized system that prevents wheels from locking up during hard braking
- Allows driver to maintain steering control while braking
- Improves braking effectiveness.
Electronic brakeforce distribution (EBD):
- Computerized system that optimizes brake force applied to each wheel
- Depends on the load and speed of the vehicle
- Helps in better brake control.
The type of brake system used in a car is dependent on the make, model, and intended purpose of the vehicle.